Position and Analysis
Report of HKCTU to the UN Human Rights Council on the status of labour rights in China and Hong Kong
The UN Human Rights Council conducts a universal periodic review every four and a half years to examine the implementation and practice of human rights obligations and commitments of 193 member states, and invites different sectors to submit reports during the review. The process reminds member states of their responsibility to respect and improve the human rights situation in their countries.
We the Workers Getting to know the labour activists
What is your first thought when you think of "labour movement Scenes of workers in strike, organizations holding banners in front of corporates or government headquarters? News of workers leaders being attacked, detained and prosecuted? We know indeed very little about labour movement, workers organizers life and daily challenges, apart from some short scenes of their struggles and demands broadcast in the news. “We the Workers”, a documentary documents labour activists in China, their living and working conditions between 2009 and 2015, to tell us more about
labour movement in China.
The future of labour NGOs? A Response to Two Mindsets
On 3 December 2015, seven leaders of labour NGOs in Guangzhou were detained and four of them faced subsequent criminal prosecutions. Most of the affected NGOs were prominently active in assisting workers' collective struggles, pushing for collective bargaining between 2012 and 2015. Labour lawyers and some academics called this new type of NGOs as “movement-oriented NGOs”, in order to distinguish them from the social service-oriented NGOs and legal right-oriented NGOs.
Volkswagen dispatch workers Struggle Continues, Hong Kong NGOs Demand Release on Workers’ Leaders
On 15 December 2017, the HKCTU, in collaboration with other labour organisations in Hong Kong, protested in the Volkswagen showroom in Wanchai for the unequal treatment between the dispatched workers and direct employees in Changchun factory and urge for the release on Fu Tien-bo, the workers representative in the factory.
Disregard in Occupational Safety and Health Protection Continues to Haunt Chinese Workers
Occupational safety and health (OSH) of migrant workers has been a concern in the past years. In January 2017, a Chinese organization “Cocultivation Social Work Service Centre” released a research report, based on 1,410 visit reports of injured / sick workers compiled in 2016. Researchers visited victims of occupational hazards in 28 hospitals in Dongguan City over a span of 130 days in 2016, and revisited 80% of the workers to look into their background, labour conditions, rehabilitation and other aspects. The findings of this research are then put into this report.
Challenge to Monitor Labour Conditions as Business-Government Collusion Assaults Civil Society
Since 2014, HKCTU has been observing the operation of Hong Kong-invested enterprises in China closely. To expose the labour exploitations and the related collective actions in these enterprises, HKCTU released two “Monitoring Report on Collective Labour Disputes of Hong Kong Enterprises in China” (hereafter: Monitoring Report) in 2015 and 2016 respectively.
Factory Automation = The Doom of Workers’ Bargaining Power?
Dongguan City has become a manufacturing powerhouse since China launched its economic reform. In the past two decades, the demographic dividend brought by the migrant workers has supported China's crown of “world's factory” and Dongguan City played an irreplaceable role in the process.
Eviction of “Low-end Population”: the Great Leap Forward of Xi Jin-ping’s “New Era”
In the previous winter, Cai Qi, the new secretary of Beijing municipal communist party, forcefully launched three controversial policies in order to build an unprecedented “New Beijing”. These policies not only exposed the rashness of administration of the Xi Jin-ping regime, but also revealed the discrimination of municipal management against grassroots workers in China’s “new era”.
Building Alliance Between Civil Societies in Opposing Authoritarian Hegemony
On 1 January 2017, the Law on the Administration of Activities of Overseas Non-Governmental Organizations within the Territory of China (the Foreign NGOs Law) became officially effective, marking the winter of the developing civil society in mainland China. However, regulation on overseas civil organizations is not unique to China.
Labour Rights Eroded, as Collusion and Suppression Persist
Since 2014, HKCTU has been observing the operation of Hong Kong-invested enterprises in China closely. To expose the labour exploitations and the related collective actions in these enterprises, HKCTU released two “Monitoring Report on Collective Labour Disputes of Hong Kong Enterprises in China” (hereafter: Monitoring Report) in 2015 and 2016 respectively. The project continued in 2017 and on 29 December, the latest Monitoring Report was released.